abc model of safety behavior

Sometimes it only takes one decision to change a person’s life! The ABC model allows us to understand what influences and controls behavior. If this sounds familiar, a technique called the “ABC analysis” may help you understand why undesired behaviors occur and how you can influence behavior to get the performance you want from your workforce. What is Behavior-Based Safety (BBS) Aims and Benefits of BBSO Behavior Laws ABC behavior model Behavior Rules Observable & Underlying Behavior Intervention Strategy BBS Observation Check lists Behavior- Based Safety Process Case Study 1 and 2 Video Exercise . Thomas Krause - BST ABC Steps in the Behavioral Safety Process The Safety Improvement Process: 1. Behavior is visible action. Behavior: An observable act – what people do or say. 1 0 obj Do you have a question about how to educate, encourage and implement a more safety-focused behavior within your organization? The discussion must also come from a care and concern perspective. Direct to your inbox: Sign up to be notified in email about new "Safety Leadership" columns. Observe the action. Behavior: An observable act – what people do or say. The motivating consequence is different for people. There’s an important lesson here. At-risk behaviors cause an average of 97 percent of accidents. ABC's of Safety: Actions, Beliefs and Consequences - Diane Dick. So understanding the motivations for safety in our people becomes important for long-term behavior change. Traditional behavior-based safety approaches:- 1.Identify Unsafe behaviors 2.Train workforce to observe 3.Praise safe behavior , feedback about at-risk behavior 4.Use statistics to develop interventions %PDF-1.5 It stands for the Antecedent-Behavior-Consequence model of behavior, and it is implemented to direct or change specific behaviors by noting what triggers the behavior and the results of the behavior. Most people do not want to suffer the "consequences" of their behavior. Consequences are what happen after the behavior – reward or punishment. <>/ExtGState<>/Font<>/Pattern<>/ProcSet[/PDF/Text/ImageB/ImageC/ImageI] >>/Annots[ 25 0 R] /MediaBox[ 0 0 595.92 841.92] /Contents 4 0 R/Group<>/Tabs/S/StructParents 0>> endobj A major aid in cognitive therapy is what Albert Ellis (1957) called the ABC Technique of Irrational Beliefs. In this case, the worker’s supervisor told him to hurry and get the equipment cleared, creating pressure on the worker. Do you put the safety guards in place when you are working with power tools? x��[[o��~7������5͹�S,�ڎ��hi�@���؊�#{m)����\�FJ��4A$r8s.߹�P�N�V?�p�������ͪ���w�Z>�z|$��۪����M���eel-������������T/��U�o`�������z�t�������zz�����շ������n5_�=�l�e�l�:]uB�JVW����0��;G6ի���j�su���˫B�?����!�F��V�M[)Qێ����N@v�#��y`��K!����ѿ�P���T�5D�Ju��;�A*�)�A���Ӫ�~�N� It’s as simple as ABC: Antecedents: Factors that come before behavior. Let’s look at a situation in which a friend invites you to her favorite restaurant. We all have our “reasons” for what we do. This means a 2-way conversation not a lecture. Both parties must be engaged in the discussion and take ownership. They set the stage for a behavior or prompt people to act in a certain way. It does not include things you cannot see such as someone's attitude or thoughts. The first three steps analyze the process by which a person has developed irrational beliefs and may be recorded in a three-column table. Peoples’ beliefs greatly influence behaviors when it involves safety. Q=_ h9[��NT��60���}k�����i��?�d�. The antecedent triggered our behavior the first time, but it’s the consequence that controls the future behavior. Once you do that, focus on the behaviors you want by building in the appropriate antecedents, removing obstacles that are getting in the way, and building in positive consequences for the behaviors. This article represents the views of the authors and should not be construed as a National Safety Council endorsement. <> WHAT EXACTLY IS ABC Model . <>>> Reinforcing positive actions/behaviors is a more pro-active approach to safety. Research shows that consequences have about four times more direct effect on behavior than antecedents. Engage workers to fully understand what antecedents and consequences are affecting their behavior. Safety management systems should be as easy as ABC. According to Krause, safety programs fail because they rely too much on antecedents --things that come before behavior -- safety rules, procedures, meetings, and so on. %���� Here’s what each letter … Keep […] <> And the challenge becomes, those 1,000 times they have gotten away with the behavior and not gotten hurt, strengthens the belief that “nothing bad will happen”. Could he have gotten hurt? Antecedents or consequences? Will you go back because of your friend’s recommendation (antecedent) or because you had great food and service (consequence)? REBT served as a sort of precursor to the widely known and applied Cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT), and the ABC Model is … PPT-SM-BBS 2014 Ironically, this explosion took place just seven hours after a group of BP and Transocean VIPs arrived for a routine management walk-around, with a focus on checking safety systems. Erika Gwilt is vice president of client engagement for DEKRA. The ABC’s of behavior is a model of behavior modification that is often used in educational and therapeutic settings with both children and adults. Although antecedents are necessary, they aren’t sufficient. When this happens, keep calm and remember your ABCs. The ABC’s are just that – basic steps to helping explain and understand behaviors in order to determine why employees choose to act in a certain way. Second, we analyze the consequences. The ABC model or the Antecedent-Behavior-Consequence model is the well-established and scientific approach to analyze why people act in a certain way and find ways to implement behavioral changes. Why is behavior at the workplace so important? What is this person doing that could cause harm or what is the person doing that ensures his safety? When people understand and believe in the potential consequence, behavior starts to change. Note that the question is “Will you go back?” What if your experience (consequence) had been the opposite – dirty facilities, poor food and bad service? To better understand antecedents and consequences, let’s take for example a situation in which a worker reaches into a machine to clear a jam without first locking and tagging out the equipment. Actions . While the answer is simple, it is not always easy:  It is not only the act in doing something that causes injury – but also the failure to act when an intervention is needed. 4 0 obj Learn More, Validating the specifications, value and safety of your raw materials, products and assets. www.safetyandhealthmagazine.com/articles/19988-safety-leadership-the-abc-model-for-influencing-behavior, Angelica Grindle, Ph.D., is vice president of client engagement for DEKRA (, Erika Gwilt is vice president of client engagement for DEKRA (. The real power for long-term performance is in the consequences. The model looks at Actions, Beliefs, and Consequences. Learn More, Formally confirming that your products and services meet all trusted external and internal standards. “But he’s a good employee,” “He’s trained” or “He’s done this before. Why would he do that?” We’ve all had this frustrating moment in safety when people do things despite our best efforts to have them do otherwise. However, consequences also can be positive and those (positive) consequences are highly effective in producing a desired behavior. Angelica Grindle, Ph.D., is vice president of client engagement for DEKRA (dekra.us). Intertek is the industry leader with over 46,000 people in 1,000 locations in over 100 countries. endobj Consequences: What occurs after a behavior and influences the likelihood of it in the future. The ABC model allows us to understand what influences and controls behavior. Behavior based safety approach – the ABC model. You are discussing the issue because you care about the person’s well-being. 1. Past consequences become influencers to future behavior. This means the worker now can move on to other tasks and go home on time. Cognitive Behavioural Therapy & The ABC Model. She coaches and develops leaders to enhance safety leadership and achieve world-class safety. At the restaurant you have great food, excellent service and a good time.

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