The tertian seventh chord based on C is Cmaj7 (C E G B). Find out more. (3 or ♭7). And an example of quartal harmony on a cadential chord could be: E A D G (stacking fourths on the ii of D Dorian), E B F C (stacking fifths on the ii of D Dorian). We need to constantly remind ourselves and the listeners that it is indeed the “1” or “home” in modal harmony. It’s as if we’re resolving out of Locrian modality and heading toward Lydian. Ode To Joy by Beethoven is another good example, I think. Perhaps the most famous riff in Locrian is Enter Sandman by Metallica (E Locrian). This was a lot of information to go through. And when building melodies over these Dorian chord progressions, pay special attention to the root and the major sixth (Dorian’s characteristic tone). There’s a special case with B Locrian though, in that it contains a tritone interval (B-F). Note that the ♭VII 7 chord does contain Aeolian’s most characteristic tone, but it has a strong tendency of bringing us into tonal harmony, as the now dominant7 chord wants to resolve to its Major tonic, creating a vi-V-I tonal progression. “The Dorian mode goes over the ii chord and the Mixolydian mode goes over the V7 chord.”. I listed the modes of my 4 favourite heptatonic scales more so to illustrate characteristic tones and the importance of distinguishing between modes. The most cadential chord in Mixolydian modal harmony is the♭VII(maj7). Due to its tritone interval, we’d like to avoid it in order to stay within strict modal harmony. This vi-ii-iii chord progression in G becomes i-iv-v when you center on Em. The dominant seventh chord falls on Dorian’s fourth scale degree. Let’s look at them: So in C Major, for a simple example, we have the following seventh chords: And as we discussed earlier, they each have their function is tonal harmony (tonic, pre-dominant, dominant). “All Along the Watchtower” by Jimi Hendrix (Cs minor with guitars tuned down one half step to Ef). I’ll share some examples here: These examples are simply those that sound good to me. Even though they wait until the third chord before revealing the root, our ears are so familiar with Aeolian, that there is absolutely no doubt what the home (i.e the root) of this chord progression is. A note by itself is like a single point in one dimension. Not as commonly used as quartal harmony, secundal harmony can be used to good effect when really striving for interesting chords. ... Ionian or Aeolian are good places to start as those are essentially the major and minor scales, respectively, of the tonic / root. They are (E A D G) followed by (D G C F). It has the modal root (D) and D Dorian’s characteristic tone (B). Lateral cadential movement: The modal centre is the D Dorian chord and the cadential chord is the E Phrygian chord. Root movement may result in tonal harmony rather than modal harmony. The only difference is that the 6th degree, E, is now the tonic and counted as number 1. The modal root (E) is droned for much of the chord progression! Cadential Chords: Chords that temporarily leave the tonic, but send us right back. That being said, I challenge you to write modal music sticking to these lesser known modes! Pay special attention to the roots and characteristic tones and stick only to the notes of the given mode! Just in case you might want to try this, the two modal cadential chords for Locrian would be: 1.♭vii(min7) but this would have a strong sense of being the tonic in a Minor Key. The tertian seventh chord built on A is Amin7 (A C E G). I actually kind of like these two chords together. Modal harmony was once described to me as being “ambiguous and lacking direction.” My mentor’s reasoning was that there’s no strong movement toward a tonic and a lack of dominant chords (and other functional chords for that matter). If you google "natural minor progressions" you'll find lots of info. Alternatively, one can see this scale as a minor scale with a major scale (that’s why it is called also Aeolian Dominant: it’s close to an Aeolian scale but it would sound good on an A7 chord, which is a dominant chord).
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