It is edible and has been used in Oriental medicine for centuries to treat respiratory problems, lower blood pressure, and calm nerves. Last update on 2019-06-13: Now containing 11906 plants. Richard Morris. , Author Wilhelm Miller writes, "The common chrysanthemums of the florists (C. hortorum) are often called 'large-flowering' and 'autumn chrysanthemums,' to distinguish them from the hardy outdoor species. Chrysanthemum Flower (Chrysanthemum morifolium) is consumed as a tea to nourish the Yin and as an herb to remove wind and occasional heat (irritation) from several parts of the body in normal, healthy individuals. They exhale a strong smell when they are wrinkled. This florist’s favourite offers striking colours and various habits. Flos chrysanthemum (FL) is the dried capitulum of Chrysanthemum morifolium Ramat. In 1630, more than 500 varieties were already mentioned there. In Europe, especially in Holland, they have been known since the mid-17th century, but their general dissemination took place only in the 19th century. Around the 8th century A.D., the chrysanthemum appeared in Japan, where they adopted a single flowered chrysanthemum as the crest and official seal of the Emperor. Chrysanthemum oil and extract have also been used in herbal medicine for their antibacterial and antibiotic properties. It also applies as an air purifier. List of various diseases cured by Chrysanthemum Morifolium. The database and code is licensed under a It comes in huge color variations, such as dark red flowers, pink, white, orange, and yellow.. The flower grows to the size of 12 to 36 inches, and the large blooms are great as bouquet heads. “Chinese medicine categorizes herbs based on energetic properties rather than the chemical ingr… Enriched with anti-inflammatory properties, chrysanthemum tea is a safe and natural source to alleviate throat swelling and irritation. "Lightening the body" was a goal to reach the ethereal state of Immortals able to fly and "ride the clouds". Comments have to be approved before they are shown here. From Jin and Tang dynasties (around the 5th century AD), chrysanthemum began to be appreciated as an ornamental plant, while continuing to be used for dietary reasons. They are up to 12 cm long, fleshy and covered with gray hairs. The plant's texture is thick and leathery. , The plant is eaten by various aphids, capsid bugs, earwigs, leaf miners, nematodes, spider mites, thrips, and whiteflies. It is classified in the oldest Chinese medical material, Shennong Ben Cao Jing (early modern era), in the category of superior drugs and is part of the products related to the search for immortality. Uses, Benefits, Cures, Side Effects, Nutrients in Chrysanthemum Morifolium. The first botanical description of the florists' chrysanthemum goes to Thomas d'Audibert de Ramatuelle. There are varieties with simple flowers that look like daisies and varieties with double flowers, looking like pompoms more or less big. Fans of the flower also say it can reduce inflammation and calm your nerves.Dr. ): Flora of China. Medicinal Chrysanthemum flowers, known in China as Ju Hua, are a bitter aromatic herb that has been used for thousands of years in Chinese medicine[238. The oil of the chrysanthemum flower also has a pleasant scent. In China, they have been around since 500 BC. Ajna Fern The florist's chrysanthemum is not necessarily a glasshouse subject. Chrysanthemum × morifolium (also known as florist's daisy and hardy garden mum, or in China juhua) is a species of perennial plant from family Asteraceae. Didier Bernard , The Golden Flower: Chrysanthemum, Its history – culture The main varieties , Gunten,October 15, 2008 (. Characteristics of Chrysanthemum Morifolium pixabay.com. The indicum hybrids as the oldest group have the chrysanthemum chrysanthemum (Chrysanthemum indicum) as the parent.. with help from They are alternate, lobed pinnatifid and toothed. Chrysanthemum. . Useful Tropical Plants Database 2014 by In terms of stems produced per year in 1997, Japan was by far the largest producer with 2 billion stalks, followed by the Netherlands (800 million), Colombia (600 million), Italy (500 million). [by whom?] Chrysanthemum has been used for hundreds of years in Chinese medicine. The chrysanthemum was first cultivated in China as a flowering herb and both the leaves and the flowers are mentioned in medical texts in published around 500 A.D. 1. The plant is 30–90 centimetres (12–35 in) high and wide, which grows as a perennial herbaceous or slightly woody plant on the ground. How Chrysanthemum Morifolium is effective for various diseases is listed in repertory format. In natural medicine the "flower" is used against eye inflammation and impure skin. In Europe, especially in Holland, they have been known since the mid-17th century, but their general dissemination took place only in the 19th century. You can buy traditional Chrysanthemum morifolium plants for your garden at Companion Plants. The external bracts are herbaceous, with a narrow scariety margin.. To note, during the millennia and a half of cultivation, tens of thousands of different cultivars have been obtained, with flower heads of very different shapes, sizes and colors. Keep in mind that natural products are not always necessarily safe and dosages can be important. Volume 20–21: Asteraceae , Science Press and Missouri Botanical Garden Press, Beijing and St. Louis, 2011. In China, they have been around since 500 BC. The lower leaves are plumed, further up the stems they are increasingly entire. The appropriate dose of chrysanthemum depends on several factors such as the user's age, health, and several other conditions. 1. The first monograph on chrysanthemums was published in 1104 AD. The stems stand upright. In the 16th century, the famous physician and herbalist Li Shizhen in his Great Treaty of Medical Matter, reports a hundred cultivars. Names of Chrysanthemum Morifolium in various languages of the world are also given. They are the blended product of C. indicum and C. morifolium, two species of plants that grow wild in China and Japan. Joseph Needham , Science and Civilization in China: Volume 6, Biology and Biological Technology, Part 1, Botany , Cambridge University Press,February 6, 1986 (. (Chinese). The typical flower heads are radiated, that is to say formed of peripheral florets, female, zygomorphous, with ligules and central florets actinomorphous, tubulated, bisexual. In 1792, in the Journal of Natural History, this botanist describes the cultivated plant, with big purpurine flowers, brought back from China by the navigator Marseillais Blancard, under the names of "Camomile with large flowers", Anthemis grandiflora. 10 Amazing Health Benefits of Chrysanthemum Tea. He proposes in a note to call it also Chrysanthemum morifolium. Wu Zheng-yi, Peter H. Raven, Deyuan Hong (ed.  In general, the plant is best fertilized once a month and watered two to three times a week depending on climate. Contact with parts of plants may in some cases cause skin irritation and allergies. Moreover, chrysanthemum could become a wise … Characterization of chemical components of essential oil from flowers of Chrysanthemum morifolium produced in Anhui province. Zheng Jinsheng, Nalini Kirk and Paul D. Buell. In 1630, more than 500 varieties were already mentioned there. Essential oil extracted from the chrysanthemum plant has long been used as an all-natural organic pesticide and insect repellent. with the efficiency of relieving heat and expelling wind, clearing liver and improving vision, and cooling the internal heat and detoxifying the body, and usually used as an antiphlogistic and against cold, headache, vertigo, and conjunctivitis. Chrysanthemum (Ju Hua) Botanical Name: Chrysanthemum morifolium, C. indicum A beautiful flower, chrysanthemum is a well known garden varietal. You can also buy dried chrysanthemum blooms in health food and Asian groceries. He attributes to them some medicinal properties such as "eliminating heat and toxins", "improving visual acuity" and so on. Deciduous leaves appear in the spring. "In prolonged use, it lifts the inhibition of blood and qi, alleviates the body, slows down ageing, and prolongs life" says the classic.
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