Most of the teachings recorded, circle around this great word "life." The term zoe corresponds very closely to chayyim, and means the vital principle, the state of one who is animate, the fullness of activities and relationship both in the physical and spiritual realms. To a bride and groom preparing for an outdoor wedding the news of rain has a negative meaning, but to the farmer in the middle of a drought, the same word has a positive meaning. As Jesus Himself was in vital relationship with the spiritual world and lived the eternal life, He sought to bring others into the same blessed state. Also the life eternal or everlasting is spoken of with the same significance as in the Gospels (11:18; 13:46,48). The record in Ac is the carrying out of that purpose. Faith in Him as the Son of God is the psychological means by which persons are brought into this vital relationship with God. Of the Greek terms bios is used at times as the equivalent of the Hebrew chayyim. (11) The fundamental fact in the possession of life was vital relationship with God. The word is made up of two letters of the Hebrew alphabet - Chet (ח) and Yod (י), forming the word "chai", meaning "alive", or "living". Psuche is also equivalent to chayyim at times, but very frequently to nephesh and sometimes to ruach. It is thus more valuable than a formal definition. These relationships are called "eternal life" (John 3:15,16,36; 4:14, etc.). The source of life is Christ Himself (1John 1:1; 5:11,16). v, 72; Massie, "Two New Testament Words Denoting Life," The Expositor, II, series iv, 380; Schrenk, Die Johannistische Anschauung yom Leben. In general there is no additional meaning attached to the word. To "keep" the commands of God is generally understood as to "obey" the commands, but this is not completely true since the Hebrew word "shamar" ( שָׁמַר ) literally means to guard or protect. It is a bringing of the whole personality of man into right relationship with the personality of God. The life was represented as abiding in the blood and therefore the blood must not be eaten, or lightly shed upon the ground (Leviticus 17:15; Deuteronomy 12:23). Our lifetime is mentioned in 4:14 and represented as brief as a vapor. live, keep alive. It is called "eternal life" (Matthew 19:29; 25:46). Peter in 1 Peter 3:7 speaks of man and wife as joint-heirs of the grace of life, and of loving life (1 Peter 3:10), referring to the totality of relationships and activities. Thus Paul's use of the word substantially agrees with the teaching in the Gospels, and no doubt was largely based upon it. When he proclaimed the good news of God, he was seeking to save and restore the spiritual life lost in Adam's sin. The Decalogue forbids murder or the taking of human life wrongfully (Exodus 20:13; Deuteronomy 5:17). It gives conquering power over sin and death (Romans 5:17,18,21). It is a transformation from death to life, becoming a present reality. The secret of Job's success and happiness was that the Almighty was with him (Job 29:2). His whole ministry was virtually a prolonged effort to win confidence in Himself as Son and Mediator, to win obedience, and hence, bring men unto these spiritual relationships and activities which constitute the true life. In Psalm 71:9 the psalmist prays in his old age, not that he might escape death, but rather that the Lord would not forsake him as his strength fades and death approaches. John does not give so much prominence to the eschatological phase of Jesus' teachings as to the present reality and actual possession of this blessed life. To deprive man of the possibility of making himself immortal while sinful was a blessing to the race; immortality without holiness is a curse rather than a blessing. It is for this reason that the psalmist concludes, "Let everything that has breath praise the Lord" ( Psalm 150:6 ; cf. Without a cultural understanding of the words in the Bible, much is missed or overlooked. Here is an echo of the words of Jesus (John 17:3) where John describes the life, the eternal life which was with the Father and was manifested unto us. These merely earthly interests may be very desirable and enjoyable, but whoever would cling to these and make them supreme is in danger of losing the higher. Between birth and death, creation and cessation of life, the living experience varying qualities of life and length of days. Jesus announced that he alone is the narrow gate or entrance into the way that leads to life ( Matt 7:13-14 ; John 10:7 John 10:9 ; 14:6 ). Many times our modern culture can influence definitions of words in a way not intended by the original author. Jesus is life ( 1:4 ; 5:26 ; 11:25 ; 14:6 ; 1 John 1:2 ) and the giver of life ( John 5:40 ; John 6:33 John 6:35 John 6:48 John 6:51 John 6:63 ; 10:10 ; 17:2 ; 1 John 5:11-12 ) to all who believe in him ( John 1:7 ; John 3:15 John 3:16 John 3:36 ; 6:40 ; 11:26 ; 12:46 ). (7) Many times it is used synonymously with happiness or well-being (Deuteronomy 30:15,19; Ezra 6:10; Psalms 16:11; 30:5; Proverbs 2:19, and frequently). This life is available to "all who believe" in Jesus, the Son of God. lif (chayyim, nephesh, ruach, chayah; zoe, psuche, bios, pneuma): 6. (4) Generally it means the real life, the vital connection with the world and God, the sum total of man's highest interests.