reflectivity definition research

Most recently (Van Manen, 1991, p. 101), he distinguished among anticipatory reflection, which deliberates about possible future alternatives; active reflection, which recalls the Schönian concept of reflection-in-action; and recolletive reflection, which is oriented to making sense of past experiences, to this, he also adds the mindfulness posture, a way by which the practitioner tends to maintain a certain distance from the actions he or she is involved in. At a second level, reflexivity refers to the process of reflecting on rather than just reflecting. In Foucault’s view, the practice of critical reflection implies to have the courage for taking the intimate decision to uncover what silent cognitive acts govern our lives. Husserl is interested in attaining a rigorous science and to this aim maintains that the investigation must go to the “things in themselves,” that is the phenomena as they immediately appear to the consciousness, only in the manner they appear. Second, and probably more importantly, ethnographic reflexivity requires that researchers critically reflect upon the theoretical structures they have drawn out of their ethnographic analysis. Reflection is a metacognitive process, which means it involves thinking about our thinking. This site uses cookies. Thus, rather than trying to clarify the meaning of reflection, Fender emphasizes the historical and discoursive complexity of the concept. To be mindful means to pay attention to the “right here, right now” and to infuse the present moment with full concentration. The e-mail addresses that you supply to use this service will not be used for any other purpose without your consent. Travis Dixon March 16, 2018 Qualitative Research Methods, Research Methodology 3 Comments. 65–68). https://www.thefreedictionary.com/reflexivity, A reflexive verb or pronoun. To dedicate oneself to critical reflection is an exercise of liberty. (Eds.). Thus, starting from this conceptual analysis, reflection results in a cognitive act that is different from the thinking. Sooner or later they reach a point where the sentiment is reversed and negative expectations become self-reinforcing in the downward direction, thereby explaining the familiar pattern of boom and bust cycles [5] An example Soros cites is the procyclical nature of lending, that is, the willingness of banks to ease lending standards for real estate loans when prices are rising, then raising standards when real estate prices are falling, reinforcing the boom and bust cycle. This study introduces another perspective of analysis by focusing the discourse on the main philosophical approaches to reflection: pragmatistic (Dewey), critical (Foucault), hermeneutic (Van Manen), and finally phenomenological (Husserl). However, since they have become part of the cultural air we breathe, it is difficult to unearth them, also because the power groups are interested in shielding them from critical investigation. To be critical is to practice “voluntary disobedience and reasoned undocility”. Here are some examples: Click on the wheel below to explore another topic. 22–27). Each proposes a new mode of language and with it different notions of truth and value. These strategies are expected to facilitate reflection, but little research testifies to their real effectiveness. McGraw, Zvnkovic, and Walker (2000), in order to pinpoint the connection between reflectivity and ethics, affirm that reflectivity is “a process whereby researchers place themselves and their practices under scrutiny, acknowledging the ethical dilemmas that permeate the research process” (p. 68). In the natural attitude of the mind, thoughts have a tendency to wander; when this attitude prevails, thinking is entrapped in reified categories and automatic schemes of behavior, so it is impossible to assume a reflective posture toward experience. In this regard, reflexivity is linked to re-evaluation: a social ‘activity’ is reconsidered and redefined in perpetuum via the use of information relating to that activity (Giddens, 1994: 86). [9], Margaret Archer has written extensively on laypeople's reflexivity. ), The Free Press, Glencoe, IL. They can play with, comment upon, debate, modify, and objectify culture through manipulating many different features in recognized ways. The Chinese government’s "policy of shifting gradually to a market-based exchange rate" reveals that China may better understand "reflexive interactions among finance, the real economy, and government than "Western devotees of free markets capitalism." The fact that individuals and social collectivities are capable of self-inquiry and adaptation is a key characteristic of real-world social systems, differentiating the social sciences from the physical sciences. In this sense, it is the basic kind of reflection. First, it requires that researchers reflect upon the research process in order to assess the effect of their presence and their research techniques on the nature and extent of the data collected. (2002). What is reflection? Reflexivity. one part of the relational statement reflects the other), for example, 'the tower is as tall as itself'. Mezirow (1990), after explaining the use of techniques such as composing education biographies, journal writing, and performing the action/reason-thematic procedure, takes into account some reflective strategies such as the feminist “consciousness raising” and the “therapeutic learning program,” in the perspective of an emancipatory concept of training. Directed back on itself. After identifying the object and the method of reflection, it is necessary to individuate the posture the mind should keep. There are many ways of dealing with the task of clarifying the reflection issue. 51–62). For an example of the worst excesses of non-commicative sociology the following account of reflexivity is offered by Donoghue (2008, pp. By questioning “where are we when we think?” she describes the mindful posture as the capability of withdrawing oneself from the external things that occur and recoiling one’s mental activities upon themselves (Arendt, 1978, p. 202), to be present to the present while it happens, with the mind entirely absorbed in its activities. Lean Library can solve it. Recognizing the beliefs that are at the basis of a way of feeling is essential in order to understand what are the streams of thoughts that structure our own mental life. Merton, R. K. (1949/1957), Social Theory and Social Structure (rev. It is not possible to gain meaning from experience “without some element of thought” (Dewey, 1916, p. 145). core definition. Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window), Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window), Click to share on LinkedIn (Opens in new window), Click to share on Pinterest (Opens in new window), Click to email this to a friend (Opens in new window), Cell phones at the dinner table – a qualitative observation (Radesky et al. Hence, a circular relationship exists between reflex and reflection (Beck, 1994; Ferguson, 1997). Learning the practice of reflection is fundamental because it allows people to engage into a thoughtful relationship with the world-life and thus gain an awake stance about one’s lived experience.

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