In the Epic of Gilgamesh, Gilgamesh's mother, the goddess Ninsun, ceremoniously bathes in a bath of "tamarisk" and soapwort before allowing Gilgamesh and Enkidu to begin their conquest. • , The tamarind has long been naturalized in Indonesia, Malaysia, Sri Lanka, the Philippines, the Caribbean, and Pacific Islands. In the 1930s, during the Great Depression, tree-planting was used as a tool to fight soil erosion on the Great Plains, and the trees were planted by the millions in the Great Plains Shelterbelt.. They are able to limit competition from other plants by taking up salt from deep ground water, accumulating it in their foliage, and from there depositing it in the surface soil where it builds up concentrations temporarily detrimental to some plants. Blood-red gum exudes from the bole and branches when damaged. The oil is usually bleached after refining. In Western cuisine, tamarind pulp is found in Worcestershire Sauce and HP Sauce. A mature tree may be capable of producing up to 175 kg (386 lb) of fruit per year. Internally, leaves and pulp act as cholagogue laxatives and are often used for congestion of the liver, habitual constipation and haemorrhoids. Progress is slow, but proves that containment of the tamarisk is possible in the long term.. Performance & security by Cloudflare, Please complete the security check to access. The tree grows well in full sun. In Colombia, Ecuador, Cuba, Dominican Republic, Guatemala, El Salvador, Honduras, Mexico, Peru, Puerto Rico, Venezuela, Italy, Spain, and throughout the Lusosphere, it is called tamarindo. Sometimes they are made into flour. The name tamarind is derived from the Arabic tamar-u‘l-Hind because of the resemblance of the fruit pulp to dried dates. The tamarind is a long-lived, medium-growth tree, which attains a maximum crown height of 12 to 18 metres (40 to 60 feet). For example, if you're searching for information on Buxus sempervirens (a type of boxwood), look under the section titled "Scientific Names of Plants, A-B," where the names of all of the entries starting with either an A or a B are housed. , The evergreen leaves are alternately arranged and pinnately lobed. Experimental evaluation of visible symptoms and SO2 sorption., Water, Air, and Soil Pollution, 40(3-4):307-316, Gebauer, J., El-Siddig, K., Salih, A. , In hens, tamarind has been found to lower cholesterol in their serum, and in the yolks of the eggs they laid. T. indica wood is hard to very hard, and very heavy, with a purplish-brown heartwood. For the South American monkey, see, "Here's what you can cook with tender tamarind leaves", "Tamarind is the 'sour secret of Syrian cooking'", "Georgian Chicken in Pomegranate and Tamarind Sauce", "Asam or Tamarind tree (Tamarindus indica) on the Shores of Singapore", "Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations", "Effects of dietary tamarind on cholesterol metabolism in laying hens", "Polyphenols from the extract and fraction of, "Investigation into the effects of antioxidant-rich extract of, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Tamarind&oldid=987212112, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, SEA Hand Book-2009: Published by The Solvent Extractors' Association of India, This page was last edited on 5 November 2020, at 16:58. This pulp dehydrates to a sticky paste with a few coarse stands of the vascular fibre and separates from the brittle pod wall. In the Old Testament, Saul's bones are buried under a tamarisk tree in Jabesh. Babu A, Sheeba G, Sen A, Ignacimuthu S, 2000. The sourness varies between cultivars and some sweet tamarind ones have almost no acidity when ripe. It will produce in poor and rocky soils with little or no cultivation, and also tolerates saline and sodic soils, although yields are not as high as on deep, well-drained alluvial soil. Tamarind (Tamarindus indica) is a leguminous tree (family Fabaceae) bearing edible fruit that is indigenous to tropical Africa. They are also fed to certain species of silkworm in India and West Africa. They are as follows: Knowing the scientific name of Tamarind tree and Royal Poinciana also its common name in Spanish as well as in other languages is an interesting fact.  To date, Tamarix has taken over large sections of riparian ecosystems in the western United States that were once home to native cottonwoods and willows, and are projected by some to spread well beyond the current range. The pinnate leaves with opposite leaflets give a billowing effect in the wind. The pulp is used for many medicinal purposes including as a laxative, for fevers and inflammation, in a gargle for sore throats and mixed with salt as a liniment for rheumatism. Heartwood is said to be durable to very durable in decay resistance, and is also resistant to insects. No. Tamarind (Tamarindus indica L.). The pod loses half of its water content during drying.  Tamarind (Tamarindus indica) is sometimes confused with "Manila tamarind" (Pithecellobium dulce). The pulp is also used in traditional medicine and as a metal polish. Tamarind (^italic~Tamarindus indica^roman~ L.)., iii + 16 pp. The tamarind appears to be preferentially cross-pollinated. Tamarind (Tamarindus indica) is a leguminous tree (family Fabaceae) bearing edible fruit that is indigenous to tropical Africa.The genus Tamarindus is monotypic, meaning that it contains only this species.. The pink to white flowers appear in dense masses on 5–10 cm (2" to 4") long spikes at branch tips from March to September, though some species (e.g., T. aphylla) tend to flower during the winter. It is de-oiled to stabilize its colour and odor on storage. In Mauritius, the pulp of the fruit is used as a liniment for rheumatism. These deciduous trees establish themselves in disturbed and undisturbed streams, waterways, bottom lands, banks, and drainage washes of natural or artificial water bodies, moist rangelands and pastures, and other areas where seedlings can be exposed to extended periods of saturated soil for establishment. It is also used as a preservative, and in northern Sri Lanka it is used to preserve fish. Image from: Science News. The species origin is still in doubt. Tamarind tree in Spanish is known as tamarindo and Royal Poinciana in Spanish is known as malinche. In Madagascar, an infusion of the leaves is given as an anthelmintic and for stomach disorders. In high rainfall areas (3500-4000 mm) the tree remains vegetative and does not flower. Leguminosae. Scientific names are name used by scientists, especially the taxonomic name of an organisms that consist of the genus and species. Buds are pink as the four sepals are pink and are lost when the flower blooms.  Isolation of the kernel without the thin but tough shell (or testa) is difficult. Tamarix species are used as food plants by the larvae of some Lepidoptera species including Coleophora asthenella which feeds exclusively on T. africana. Approximately 75% fruit set can be obtained in controlled cross-pollination studies. If you are at an office or shared network, you can ask the network administrator to run a scan across the network looking for misconfigured or infected devices. They are often encrusted with salt secretions.  The treatment of tamarind leaves on liver HepG2 cells significantly regulated the expression of genes and proteins involved with consequential impact on the coagulation system, cholesterol biosynthesis, xenobiotic metabolism signaling and antimicrobial response. Indian Horticulture, 38(4):15. A dry period is very important to stimulate[BC3] heavy flowering and high yields. Tamarind seed oil is the oil made from the kernel of tamarind seeds. Delhi, India; Controller of Publications. Ripe tamarind fruit have proven medicinal value. The hard green pulp of a young fruit is considered by many to be too sour, but is often used as a component of savory dishes, as a pickling agent or as a means of making certain poisonous yams in Ghana safe for human consumption.
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